Designer Drugs: What Are They?

Designer Drugs: What Are They?

Designer drugs are synthetic drugs that are artificially made and developed to cause a euphoric state when individuals take them. There are several different types of designer drugs; most of them work similarly to Cocaine; however, there are also some new designer drugs that mimic the effects of marijuana.

In this article, we’ll focus on some designer drugs examples and explain what they are, what they cause, and how addictive they can be.

What Substances Are Called Designer Drugs?

Drugs made in clandestine labs are typically called designer drugs. The U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) listed seven different kinds, but the most common designer drugs are:

  • Phenethylamines,
  • Tryptamines,
  • Cannabinoids,
  • and N-ring systems.

Although these names might not sound so familiar, all these substances were developed by chemists to create drugs that don’t include the hallmarks that drug enforcement authorities usually look for. This also means some individuals might be able to get high using these substances without the fear of facing legal consequences.

Needless to say, these drugs are mostly a way to get around the law. However, one needs to be very careful because they can cause severe consequences on the user.

What is Phenethylamine?

As we mentioned, phenethylamine drugs are one of the most common types of designer drugs. Phenethylamine is a chemical that can be naturally found in the body; however, it can also be created in a lab as a designer drug to produce Phenethylamine high in users.

This substance is known for being able to improve athletic performances, as well as mood and attention. However, you also need to know that this substance has undesirable side effects, and a Phenethylamine high is often accompanied by anxiety, agitation, and a rapid heart rate.

What Health Harm Can Designer Drugs Cause?

Although they might sound like a safer alternative, the dangers of designer drugs can sometimes surpass those of their original counterparts.

First of all, a person who takes designer drugs can never be completely sure of exactly what substances and chemicals are included in what they are ingesting, and that’s the reason why many people who smoke synthetic marijuana end up in the E.R. More specifically, in some designer drugs a chemical that is also used in rat poison has been found.

crying woman.

Moreover, designer drugs effects can also include:

  • Hallucinations and paranoia
  • Depression
  • Anxiety
  • Aggressive behaviors
  • Muscle spasm and chest pains
  • Seizures

In extreme cases, using designer drugs can cause death and suicidal behaviors. For additional information on the topic, as well as an explanation of the most common types of designer drugs, the U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration website includes useful articles.

How Addictive Are Designer Drugs?

Using designer drugs even once can potentially be dangerous not only for the side effects they might cause but also because they are addictive substances.

Their addiction level is hard to establish because, since designer drugs are developed in labs that aren’t subject to quality control standards, these synthetic substances can often have different effects from one batch to another.

For this reason, performing any research on them is difficult, and there are currently not many in-depth studies on the latest designer drugs.

Regardless of this lack of information, some studies actually suggest designer drugs are addictive, especially substances like Cannabinoids that include elements that work on brain receptors in the same way marijuana does.

Seek Help If You Feel Addicted to Designer Drugs

As for addiction of any kind, seeking help to stop is a priority. In the case of designer drugs, the more an individual uses them, the more they’re likely to incur serious consequences every time they take a hit.

If you notice a loved one is regularly using these substances, you should immediately try to convince them to stop and look for help, even though they might not want to do so and be opposed to the idea.

An addiction treatment center might be the best way to successfully recover as the right program can offer designer drugs addicts different skills that can help them move forward with a healthy lifestyle. These skills can include impulse control, communication skills, and relapse prevention, and, thanks to professional therapists, people who decide to seek help have a higher chance to give up their addiction.